31 October, 2020

The Poets Of Enterprise

The twists of history, and a people's will to defy the odds-the essential story of the Sikhs

The Poets Of Enterprise
outlookindia.com
-0001-11-30T00:00:00+05:53
ON April 13, 1999, the Khalsa will be 300 years old and Sikhism, from which it emerged, will be over 500 years old. Sikhism was, and is, a pacifist creed started by Guru Nanak (1469-1539) and developed by four succeeding Gurus whose writings were compiled in an anthology, the Adi Granth, by the fifth, Guru Arjun, around 1600 AD. The Adi Granth comprises over 6,000 hymns composed by five Gurus (mainly those of the compiler Guru Arjun) and includes compositions of Hindu and Muslim saints as well as some bards. In the final version, made by Guru Gobind Singh, he inserted hymns composed by his father Guru Tegh Bahadur. Guru Gobind compiled an anthology of his own, the Dasam Granth. While the Adi (first) Granth is essentially a distillation of the Vedanta in Punjabi, the Dasam (10th) is a compilation of tales of valour of Hindu goddesses, some composed by the Guru himself, others by bards of his court. It is not accorded the same status as the Adi Granth. Thus we have two parallel scriptures, one extolling the virtues of peaceful submission, the other of combating oppression with force....
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