01 October, 2020

The Army's Chequered March

Gen Ayub Khan set a bad precedent that resulted in 24 years military rule

The Army's Chequered March
outlookindia.com
-0001-11-30T00:00:00+05:53

THE Pakistan army came into being on August 14, 1947, with headquarters at Rawalpindi and General Sir Frank Messervy as the first C-in-C. Barely two months after Independence, while the army was being organised, the Indian army entered Jammu and Kashmir state in October 1947. The Pakistan army could not intervene as Field Marshal Auchinleck threatened to withdraw all 500 British officers if it did so. Yet six months later, on the recommendation of the new C-in-C, General Douglas Gracy, Pakistan army units entered Kashmir. This was the first time the two armies faced each other in combat. The troops have been in position ever since, pending an amicable solution to the long-outstanding Kashmir problem.

In the mid-fifties the army was reorganised under the US military aid programme. New weapons and equipment were inducted, including SP guns and M-48 tanks. These helped increase the  army’s combat potential and offset, to some extent, India’s numerical superiority in the next two armed conflicts.

In October 1958, C-in-C General...

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