India-China: Rival Asian Powers
Boundary dispute: China has differences with India on both the McMahon line in the east (its border with Arunachal Pradesh) and the Ladakh-Tibet LAC. A claimant and effective occupier of Aksai-Chin, China now claims all of Galwan Valley, a part of Ladakh. China also claims the entire Arunachal Pradesh. Border with China: over 4,000 kms.
Rivers: A grave problem brews, with Chinese diversion of Brahmaputra water, which flows from Tibet and enters India in Arunachal Pradesh. China building dams on its upper reaches, which will reduce the volume of water downstream. Northeastern states concerned.
Belt and Road Initiative: India has refused to join China’s BRI despite Beijing’s best efforts as a vital road connecting Xinjiang with Pakistan’s Gwadar passes through Gilgit-Baltistan in PoK, thus infringing...