28 February, 2021

Decline Of The Maratha Empire

The Marathas’ century in the sun ended in a series of defeats at the hands of the British

Decline Of The Maratha Empire
outlookindia.com
2018-01-13T11:31:50+05:30

1. Following the death of Aurangzeb (1707), the Mughal empire declines. In the absence of an assertive central power, ­regional ­powers like the Marathas, Sikhs and ­Rohilla Pathans expand. The Marathas prevail, gaining control of Delhi (the emperor being a nominal one).

2. Afghan raider Ahmed Shah Abdali attacks India. Acting on behalf of the Mughal emperor, the Maratha army, led by ­Sadashivrao Bhau, meets the Afghans and is defeated in the Third Battle of Panipat (1761): the first big dent on what was till now an expanding Maratha power. A vacuum awaits the British.

3. A new power was rising in the east. The British...

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